Human brains are hardwired to seek answers even if we know they will harm us
Cats may have a reputation for easily falling under pandora australia charm the spell of curiosity, with fatal consequences, but new research suggest humans are hard wired to be inquisitive as well.
Psychologists have found that our in built drive to find out more about our environment drives us to carry out uncertain actions, even if it does us harm.
Over a series of tests, researchers delved into the human desire to satisfy this curiosity and found that we are tempted to seek out missing information when the outcome is uncertain.
In the fable of Pandora's box, a woman's curiosity to peek inside a forbidden box unleashes all of the world's ills, leaving only hope inside. In a new study, psychologists say the human need to resolve uncertain outcomes is charms for pandora hardwired, and that we may be tempted to satisfy our curiosity, even if could cause us harm
Researchers in the US looked to explore what they termed the 'Pandora effect', in which curiosity drives our decision making process.
The term is derived from the fable of Pandora's box, in which a woman's curiosity to peek inside a forbidden box unleashes all of the world's ills, leaving only hope inside.
Cats may have a reputation for falling under the spell of curiosity (pictured), but psychologists say humans are hard wired to be curious as well. A study has found our in built curiosity drives us to resolve uncertainty, even if it ultimately does us harm
While in the second group, all of the pens pandora charm a were labelled yellow, and told some had batteries and others didn't, meaning the outcome of clicking the pen was uncertain.
The findings showed that far more students clicked the pens when the outcome was uncertain, playing Russian roulette with the electrified pens.
Over the course of a number of experiments, psychologists from the Universities ofWisconsin Madison and Chicago delved into the human desire to resolve uncertainty.
In one study, participants were told that pens on a table were electrified.
Pens were colour coded for one group, with a red label meaning a certain shock and a green label meaning the pen was safe. While in the second group all of the pens were labelled yellow, meaning the outcome of clicking the pen was uncertain.
They found that far more students clicked the pens when the outcome was uncertain.
The same was shown with aversive sounds, when buttons playing either a nice sound or aversive sound, were masked.
The researchers explain that curious people do not always perform consequentialist cost benefit analyses and may be tempted to seek the missing information even if it causes them harm.
On average, when the outcome was certain, students clicked two red pens and one green.
But when it was uncertain, they clicked five yellow pens on average.
A second study, using pens of each colour confirmed the results that students felt the need to resolve the uncertainty, even if it caused them a shock, just like touching a kettle to see if it's hot or not.
In a separate study, students were exposed to sounds.
They were shown a computer display of 48 buttons which played sounds when clicked.
Pressing would either give the sound of running water or the screech of nails on a chalkboard, with a mystery button giving a 50 50 chance of playing either.
They found that students who saw the most mystery buttons clicked more compared to those where most of the buttons were identified, showing 39 to 28 respectively.
Interestingly, the results also showed that participants who clicked more buttons reported feeling worse pandora australia music afterward, and those who faced mostly uncertain outcomes reported being less happy than those who faced mostly certain outcomes.
When the outcome was uncertain, with buttons masked by question marks, participants clicked more buttons on average than when they were more clearly labelled
The findings showed that clicking more buttons made the participants feel worse afterwards and those who had faced the most uncertain outcomes were reportedly less happy.
In a final experiment, the researcher asked online participants to click on partially obscured images of insects such as cockroaches and centipedes, finding that like the previous studies, those with more uncertain outcomes clicked more.
However, they were asked to predict how they would feel about their choice, they clicked on relatively fewer pens and felt happier.
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