How do FM Antennas Work
Antennas are what make telecommunication possible.
They can be any piece of metal, that responds to incoming electromagnetic waves, with electrical signal generation and can also transmit electromagnetic signals.
More specifically, any antenna is an arrangement of metal conductors. When an alternating current is passed through it, the electric field associated with it, changes. This changing electric field creates a magnetic field, and the changing magnetic field creates an electric field back again. This is how an electromagnetic wave is created and transmitted by an antenna.
This is how a signal gets transmitted. During reception of an incoming electromagnetic wave, exact reverse of the above phenomenon occurs. The incoming electromagnetic wave creates an alternating electric current inside the antenna, in response. This is exactly how an FM antenna works.
It creates an alternating current order pandora bracelet online output, in response to an incoming frequency modulated (FM) electromagnetic signal. However, you cannot simply take any random piece of metal pandora bead bracelet of any length and create such an antenna. Its length must be comparable to the wavelength dimensions of the incoming FM radio signal. pandora watch bracelet It is calculated in the following way.
Divide the speed of light (3 x 108 m/s), by the frequency of the wave in Hertz. The value you get, is the wavelength of the wave in meters. Your antenna should have a length, which is comparable to it. So, decide on the FM station frequencies that you intend to tune into and calculate the length of the antenna, in accordance to the wavelength of the tuning frequency. The FM band extends from 88 MHz to 108 MHz in North America. So, the length range for your antenna, theoretically extends from 2.77 m to 3.4 m. So, its dimensions should be comparable to this size but they need not be, of the exactly same size.
One important parameter in design is the gain it offers. It is the measure of how strong a signal, an antenna can generate, in response to a received signal. FM signals are in the VHF (Very High Frequency) range and, therefore, they can only be received if the antenna is within line of sight, which is about 30 miles from the broadcasting point. This brings in one more design aspect, that should be taken into consideration. It is that of directionality. Your antenna needs to be designed in such a way that it can catch FM signals from a particular direction, more strongly. A directional one is a requirement, when the signal strength in your area is pandora sale sydney not that strong. It has to be the right size and laid out right. All you need, to build an FM antenna is insulated wire, 300 ohm ribbon feeder cable to connect your antenna to the radio, some insulator rods (wood or plastic), and sticky tape.
Depending on the geometry of arrangement of the insulated wire, on the insulated rods, the reception quality will vary. Here is a list of the most common and effective designs:
Unidirectional Dipole: When FM signal is directed from one general direction, a unidirectional dipole antenna design is the best. It consists of two wire elements, placed collinear to each other.
Crossed Dipole: This consists of a square shaped conducting wire, that is arranged on a central insulator cross. It's omnidirectional but has a low gain.
Multi Element Arrays: These are antennas with multiple conductor elements, that are mounted parallel on a conductor. An example is the Yagi antenna, often used for television reception. This type of antenna is highly directional and provides a high gain. They are well suited when the FM sources are far away from your home.
Half Wave Vertical: This consists of a single piece of vertical wire, that is about half the wavelength of the FM signal, to be tuned.
Using any of the above designs, you can create your own antenna. Designing your own stuff is not only a lot of fun, but you get to learn a lot in the process.
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